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 Toyota Crown History

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jameslim

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PostSubject: Toyota Crown History   Fri Jan 30, 2009 7:49 pm

Toyota Crown History
The Toyota Crown is a line of full-size luxury sedans by Toyota. The range was primarily available in Japan and some other Asian countries, although it was also sold in the United States during the late 1950s and up until 1971. Exports to Europe began in 1964 with the first cars going to Finland. Other European countries which saw imports of the Crown included the Netherlands and Belgium. The United Kingdom was another market until the early 1980s. It was also exported to Canada for a few years - 1965-68. In many markets the Crown was very expensive and was replaced by the Cressida when that model became available for export in the early 1980s.

Australia was another important export market for the Crown - to the extent that it was manufactured there from the mid 1960s until the late 1980s using many local components.

Most models of the car are distinguishable by a front 'Crown' badge, but the common Toyota badge is usually used on the rear.

In Japan, its principal competitors are Nissan's Gloria and Cedric lines, the Nissan Fuga and the Honda Legend.

First (RS Model-S30 Model: 1955 to 1962)
Second (S40 Model: 1962 to 1967)
1962 Toyota Crown
1962 Toyota Crown

Launched in 1962, this model introduced the Custom and Master Line models. A bigger and better car than the one it replaced it initially had four-cylinder engines before the introduction of the "M" six-cylinder engine in 1965. Deluxe and Super Deluxe models were available with added features.

The longer, wider and more upmarket Crown Eight was introduced in 1964, powered by a 2.6 L V8 engine. However, it had a different model designation, VG10, and was replaced in 1967 by the first Century.


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PostSubject: Re: Toyota Crown History   Fri Jan 30, 2009 7:49 pm

Fourth (S60 & S70 Models: 1971 to 1974)
1973 Toyota Crown MS60 Super Saloon
1973 Toyota Crown MS60 Super Saloon

Launched in 1971, the 4M 2600 engine was introduced with this generation, as was the luxurious Super Saloon trim level. Electronic fuel injection became available on both the new 4M engine as well as the 2 litre M which continued.

The Sedan and Wagon are coded MS60/MS65 and MS62/MS63. The Hardtop Coupe is MS70 (2.0 liter), or MS75 (2.6 liter). This generation was the first Crown marketed as Toyota in Japan, as previous models were Toyopet. Also, in Japan, this model was known as the "whale" or "kujira" Crown. Domestic market Hardtop has rectangular headlights, all export models come with twin round headlights. This is the last Crown sold in the USA.




Fifth (S80 & S100 Models: 1974)
1978 Toyota Crown 2600 MS83
1978 Toyota Crown 2600 MS83

Launched in 1974 in Japan, export began from 1975. Offered as 4 door Sedan, 2 door Hardtop Coupe, 4 door Hardtop Sedan, Wagon, and Van. Engines are 2.0 and 2.6 liter gasoline, or 2.2 liter diesel. Trim levels are Standard, Deluxe, Super Saloon, and Royal Saloon. Minor change was given in 1978.

The pillarless Hardtop Sedan model has a front chrome grill and square headlights.



Sixth (S110 Model: 1979 to 1983)
1981 Toyota Crown MS 112
1981 Toyota Crown MS 112

Launched in 1979, this model had the engine upgraded to the 2.6 L to 2.8 L 5M-EU model. The 2 litre M was still on offer along with a turbo charged version - the M-TEU. In this series the model designation referred to the engine size - MS110 (2 litre), MS111 (2.6 litre), MS112 (2.8 litre). Early models have twin rectangular headlights, facelift models come with bigger monoblock headlights. Domestic market Royal Saloons use the large rectangular headlights. Lower grades Van and Taxi adopt round headlights. Royal Saloon features longer bumpers. The first Crown Turbo was launched in October 1980 for Japanese market only. This generation is the last for 2 door Hardtop Coupe.


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PostSubject: Re: Toyota Crown History   Fri Jan 30, 2009 7:51 pm

Seventh (S120 Model: 1983 to 1987)

Launched in 1983. The model used 5M-GE 2800 cm³ double overhead cam (DOHC), 1G-GE 2000 cm³ DOHC, M-TE 2000 cm³ single overhead cam (SOHC) Turbo, M-E 2000cc SOHC, 2L-TE 2400 cm³ SOHC Turbo Diesel or 2L 2400 cm³ SOHC Diesel engines. Base versions use the new 2 litre 1G-E engine which replaced the old 2 litre version of the M series. The 'van' version of the station wagon (the GS126V as well as the GS136V in the following series) used its own unique variant of this motor (the 1G-EJ).

Eighth (S130 Model: 1987 to 1991)
Toyota Crown GS131
Toyota Crown GS131

Launched in 1987. Body style: Sedan, Hardtop, and Wagon, included the commercial Van. The model used 7M-GE 3000 cm³ DOHC, 1G-GZE 2000 cm³ DOHC Super Charger, 1G-E 2000 cm³ DOHC, 2L-THE 2400 cm³ SOHC Turbo Diesel Hi Power (AT Use), 2L-TE 2400 cm³ SOHC Turbo Diesel (MT Use) or 2L 2400 cm³ SOHC Diesel engines. The 4.0 liter 1UZ-FE, the same engine as in Lexus LS400, was only for Royal Saloon G. Altough a totally different chassis and body, the S130 takes styling cues from the MX73 Cressida.



Ninth (S130 Facelift and S140 Models: 1991 to 1995)
Crown S140
Crown S140

The Crown Hardtop and all-new Crown Majesta models were built on the 140-series platform. The rebodied Crown Sedan and Wagon still carried S130 model codes, although the exterior is rounder, and the nose is similar to S140 Hardtop.

Trim levels for Sedan are Standard, Deluxe, Super Deluxe, Super Saloon, Royal Saloon, and Royal Saloon G. Engine choices were 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 liter gasoline, and 2.4 liter diesel. The 4.0 liter was offered for Royal Saloon G and Majesta.

The Standard Sedan for Taxi and base model Wagon feature round headlights and chrome bumpers. The taxi is powered by 2.4 liter diesel engine matched to 4 speed column-mounted manual transmission



Tenth (S150 Model: 1995-1999)

The 150-series Crown were built as Sedan and Hardtop (frameless door window) only. This was the first Crown to not use separate chassis construction. The Wagon retained the old and unispired Japanese Lexus(130 series) model until 1999. Trim levels for Hardtop are Royal Extra, Royal Saloon, Royal Saloon G, and the sporty Royal Touring. 4WD is offered for Royal Extra and Royal Saloon. Engine is either 2.0, 2.5, 3.0 liter 6 cylinder, or 4.0 liter V8.


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PostSubject: Re: Toyota Crown History   Fri Jan 30, 2009 7:52 pm

Eleventh (S170 Model: 1999 to 2003)
Crown Royal JZS175
Crown Royal JZS175

The 170-series features shorter front overhang therefore maximizes interior and trunk space. There are three different 170-series 4 door Saloon, Royal, Majesta, and Athlete. The 4 door Hardtop was discontinued. The 170-series Estate was the first new Crown Wagon after the 130-series. Engine is either 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, or 4.0 liter. The Athlete V has 2.5 liter 1JZ-GTE turbo. The Royal was also offered with 3.0 liter 2JZ-FSE Mild Hybrid.




Twelfth (S180 Model: 2003 to present)
Crown Royal S180
Crown Royal S180

Based on the Zero Crown concept car. Engine is changed to a V6 for the new Royal and Athlete models, and the Majesta uses the V8 only, now in 4.3 litre form with 4WD optional. The 170 series Crown Estate continues using the inline 6 cylinder engines.

[edit] Engine data for the Crown S180

* 2GR-FSE
o V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4S 3456 cm³ 232 kW (315 PS) at 6400 rpm, 377 N·m (38.4 kgf·m, 278 ft·lbf) at 4800 rpm
* 3GR-FSE
o V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4 2994 cm³ 188 kW (256 PS) at 6200 rpm, 314 N·m (32.0 kgf·m, 232 ft·lbf) at 3600 rpm
* 4GR-FSE
o V6 DOHC 24 Valve D-4 2499 cm³ 158 kW (215 PS) at 6400 rpm, 260 N·m (26.5 kgf·m, 192 ft·lbf) at 3800 rpm

Models in the Crown lineup

* Crown Comfort
* Crown Sedan
* Crown Majesta
* Crown Royal
* Crown Estate
* Crown Athlete


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PostSubject: Re: Toyota Crown History   Fri Jan 30, 2009 7:56 pm

Twelfth (S180 Model: 2003 to 2008)

Main article: Toyota Crown S180

Toyota Crown S180
2003 Toyota Crown
Manufacturer Toyota
Production Toyota City, Nagoya
Class Mid-size car, wagon
Body style(s) Sedan
Wagon
Platform S-series
Engine(s) 2.5L 4GR-FSE V6
3.0L 3GR-FSE V6
3.5L 2GR-FSE V6
4.3L 2UZ-FE V8
Transmission(s) 6 speed automatic
Wheelbase 2850 mm
Length 4840 mm
Width 1780 mm
Height 1470 mm
Related Toyota Aristo


The S180 model of the Crown was based on the Zero Crown concept car. The engine was changed to a V6 for the new Royal and Athlete models, while the Majesta used the V8 only, now in 4.3 litre form with 4WD optional. The new engines gave more performance while also giving better fuel economy.[2]

Compared with the previous model, this model was increased by 70 mm in the wheelbase and 15 mm in body width. These changes gave it the largest interior size among its contemporaries, more than the Mercedes-Benz E-Class or BMW 5-series.[2]

The S170 series Crown Estate was continued alongside the S180 sedans. It continued using the older inline 6-cylinder engines.



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PostSubject: 2009 Toyota Crown Hybrid Concept   Fri Jan 30, 2009 8:06 pm

2009 Toyota Crown Hybrid Concept

Nothing much is known about the new Toyota Crown Hybrid Concept that will be displayed at the 2007 Tokyo Motor Show other than a list of new features to be showcased - so we will have to wait until the motorshow rolls by to find out exactly what these new technologies are.

Anyway onto the features - the Toyota Crown Hybrid Concept will features Toyota Hybrid System II, an evolution of the current system being used in production hybrid vehicles - this uses a two-stage motor speed reduction device which helps achieve smoother acceleration, better fuel efficiency, low emissions and lower noise.

A new Finegraphic Meter TFT LCD display will be employed in the interior to provide information to the driver in an easy to see and understand manner - this could finally make its way into Toyota vehicles the same way Optitron started being used in Lexus cars first, so I think we should pay attention to this particular technology.

Vehicle stability will be enhanced with VDIM and active steering control, which I think has already made its debut on cars like the Toyota Mark X ZiO - using an optimal balance between drive power, steering and braking to help regain control of the vehicle in emergency cases. For passive safety, the car has 10 SRS airbags.

Like the Toyota Crowns before it, this new concept will likely be a front engine, rear wheel drive car. It is Toyota’s largest sedan and is about the same size as a Lexus LS.

An interesting fact to share: many Toyota sedans have been named after variations of the word Crown. There’s the Toyota Corona, where Corona is latin for crown, and there’s also the Corolla, which means small crown and usually refers to the small center “crown” of a flower. The Toyota Camry gets its name from kan-muri, meaning small crown.








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